Computation of International Tax Credit score (‘FTC’) in case of assessee’s with cross border funds has been a significant problem for professionals. Absence of well-defined algorithm, coupled with few judicial precedents had resulted in diversified practices. The Central Board of Direct Taxes (‘CBDT’) by Earnings-tax (18th Modification) Guidelines, 2016 have inserted Rule 128 to the Earnings-tax Guidelines, 1962 (‘Guidelines’) offering the principles for grant of FTC. The mentioned guidelines, relevant from April 1, 2017,will assist present a lot wanted readability in an space which was till now marked by numerous interpretations. This may assist cut back the trouble in claiming credit score on tax paid in international nations and assist obtain the Authorities’s imaginative and prescient for non-adversarial regime. Eligibility to assert FTC 1. Sub-rule 1of the Guidelines present resident assessee might be eligible to assert FTC if any tax has been paid by him in a rustic or specified territory exterior India. Grant of FTC shall be allowed solely within the yr during which the earnings similar to such has been supplied to tax or assessed to tax in India. The rule additional gives that the place earnings on which international has been paid or deducted, is obtainable to tax in a couple of yr, credit score of international shall be allowed throughout these years in the identical proportion during which the earnings is obtainable to tax or assessed in India. This rule might create sure complicacies the place there’s a mismatch in timing of taxation of a selected stream of earnings in India and international nation in accordance with their respective tax legal guidelines. For instance: Earnings X is chargeable to tax in India in FY 2016-17 and in international nation in FY 2017-18. Right here, for the reason that earnings is taxable in FY 2017-18 in international nation, there could also be circumstances the place international tax is paid by the tip of FY 2017-18. Since, the principles present for grant of FTC within the yr during which earnings was supplied in India, taking credit score of international tax in India in FY 2016-17 might show to be a problem for the reason that fundamental situation for grant of FTC (cost of international tax) has not materialised as much as the date of submitting of return in India for FY 2016-17. Eligible International Taxes on which reduction is allowed 2. Sub-rule 2 of the Guidelines present that the place a Double Taxation Avoidance Settlement (‘DTAA’) has been entered between India and the international nation, eligible international tax shall be the taxes coated beneath the respective DTAA. Nevertheless, the place no DTAA has been entered between India and the international nation, eligible international tax shall imply the payable beneath the legislation in drive in that nation within the nature of incometax referred to in clause (iv) of the Rationalization to part 91 of the Act.